No doubt that the Research Expenditures are the money spent on creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of knowledge and the use of this knowledge to devise new applications. Expenditure on Research and Development (R&D) refers to all expenditure which performed at universities and at other institutions of tertiary education, regardless of whether the research is funded from general institutional funds or through separate grants or contracts from public or private sponsors

Research Expenditures on Levels of spending on scientific research in Arab countries compared to developed and developing countries:

Research Expenditures include funds allocated for scientific research by governments and non-governmental organizations, as well as funds spent by for-profit companies and institutions that invest in scientific research for financial gain, as well as funds spent by international bodies or organizations, gifts, and donations... According to international standards, expenditure levels on scientific research in relation to local production are split into four categories.

Statistics of expenditure on research between Arab countries and others

Scientific research's performance is deemed very weak and below the needed level, accounting for less than 1% of the gross national product.  The 1% is a global benchmark, and spending less than that is considered wasteful. The performance of scientific research is deemed to be average when it falls between 1% and 1.6 percent. Over 1.6 percent of scientific research is of sufficient quality to aid development.

More than 2% believe that scientific research is performing at the level required for sector development and the development of new technologies. We'll look at how much different countries spend on Research Expenditures around the world, including huge countries, ambitious countries, and certain Arab countries that are typically regarded as "backward" by some scholars. It should be emphasized that not all countries have access to international data on scientific research spending, including the United States. a number of Arab countries.

Despite the tremendous issues we face now and in the near future, the budget for scientific research is actually considerably less than 1%, despite a huge rise over what was present in the 1990s and 2000s. According to a recent estimate by the World Bank, the combined exports of Arab Countries According to government figures, Israel spends roughly 4.7 percent of GDP on Research Expenditures and development, or over 9 billion dollars, whereas the average spending in the Arab countries combined is 3 percent.

How can we benefit from investing on Research Expenditures?

Investment in research and development and creative think tanks are among the most important catalysts for sustained economic growth and rationalization of strategic decisions to achieve the desired political and economic stability. Spending on R & D at all technical and social levels will increase the prevailing level of technology in the economy, improve productivity and contribute to avoiding problems that the State may face because of the poor performance of economic sectors or decisions that are not rational because of individual decision-making at the sectorial or macro level. It also supports decision-makers in the State with the necessary studies and research that contribute to long-term and medium-term visibility, in the light of local and international variables. R & D is the key to sustained economic growth, global excellence, and global leadership capacity.

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