Medicine is the field of health and healing. It requires nurses, physicians, and other specialists. The report covers diagnosis, therapy and disease prevention, medical research, and many other health aspects.
Medicine aims towards health and well-being promotion and maintenance.

Conventional modern medicine is often referred to as allopathic. It consists of medication or operation, often backed up by lifestyle and counselling measures.

Other and complementary types of medicine include acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine, art therapy, Chinese traditional medicine, etc.

The research and practice of diagnosis , prognosis, treatment and disease prevention is medicine. Medicine includes a range of healthcare practices that have evolved to preserve and restore health through disease prevention and treatment. Continuous medicine is based on the diagnosis , treatment and prevention of injuries and diseases, typically by pharmaceutique or surgery, but also on therapy that includes, among other things, psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical instruments and biological and ionizing radiation.

Medicine is the health science industry and the public life sector that seeks to preserve or restore human health through the treatment of diseases and injuries.

It is both a field of knowledge – body systems science, diseases and treatment – and the practical application of that knowledge.

The medical profession is the social and occupational structure of the formally trained and licensed group.

There are legal limitations on who may practice medicine in many countries and legal jurisdictions.

There are different sub-sub-branches in medicine, including cardiology, pulmonology, neurology or other fields such as sports medicine , science, or public health.


The medicine field, which is concerned with the health, growth and development of children, and the opportunity they have as adults to realize their full potential.

Dentistry “Odontiatria”

The dental profession is the health field that preserves safety in and around the mouth of the teeth, gums and other tissues.

Dentistry is a treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of teeth , gums, mouth and jaw infections, diseases and disorders. Dentistry may have a positive impact on the whole body often considered important for full oral health.

Psychologic medicine “Mental medicine”

In late 2004 a merger of the Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology created the Department of Psychological Medicine.

As with all medical specialities, the history of a diagnosis is essential. It is the same as that used in every specialty, but it is adapted to help psychiatric diagnosis, possible etiology determination and prediction estimation. Data may be extracted from several sources, including a patient, friend, relative, or general practitioner interviews (usually with the patient’s permission). A therapeutic partnership with the patient is defined through a patient interview.


Ophthalmology is the scientific field devoted to anatomy, physiology and eye diseases.

The ophthalmology sector is a medicine industry dedicated to the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of eye and visual systems diseases.

A number of clinical conditions can affect the eye, its surrounding structures and the visual system. Diagnose and treatment of these conditions together with microchirurgy is involved in ophthalmology.

Obstetrics and gynaecology

A medicinal industry which focuses on care and diagnoses of female reproductive organs and the treatment of diseases of women during pregnancy and childbirth. This is also specialized in other health issues for women including menopause, hormone disorders, contraception (born control) and infertility. So it was called ob/ gyn.

Obstetrics include preconception, pregnancy, birth and treatment after delivery. Obstetrics are the focus of treatment.

All women’s health issues are dealt with in gynecology (GYN).


Gastroenterology studies normal function and oesophageal diseases, intestinal, colon and rectal diseases, pancreas, gall bladder, bile ducts, and liver. gastroenterology The goal of this study is to detail the normal effects (physiology), including the movement of material through the intestine and stomach (motility), the digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, the removal of waste and the role of liver as a digestive organ.It includes common and important conditions, including colon polyps and cancer, hepatitis, reflux gastroesophagus (heartburn), peptic ulcer, colitis, gall and bile tract disease, nutritional problems, bowel syndrome and pancreatitis. Pancreatitis includes a common disease. Essentially, gastroenterological research includes all normal activity and digestive disease.

They perform endoscopic procedures using advanced tools to display and treat the gastrointestinal tract. They ‘re not conducting surgery. They can work closely with a surgeon of GI in some cases. They work mainly in clinics or hospitals.

Internal medicine

The medical specialty for the diagnosis and treatment of adults. An internist is referred to as a doctor who specializes in internal medicine. Internal medicine includes allergy, cardiology, endochrinology (heart disease), hematology (blood disorders), infective conditions (dark-induced disorder), nephrology (renal disorders), oncology (cancer) and pulmonologie (lung disorders) (arthritis and musculoskeletal disorder). Sub-specialties of internal medicine include allergy and immunology.


Cardiology is a specialty of medicine and an internal medicine devoted to heart disorders. It includes the treatment and control of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure and valvular cardiovascular disorders. Cardiology sub-specialties include heart electrophysiology, echocardiography, cardiac surgery and nuclear cardiology.

Cardiology is a medical branch that deals with heart and circulatory diseases and abnormalities.

Ear, nose and throat (ENT) “Otorhinolaryngology”

Otorhinolaryngology is a major medical specialty that includes many organs including the head and neck, e.g. the ears, nose, and neck, for diagnosis and treatment of correct diseases.

ENT surgery can be named too, whatever the word, because of the wide variety of conditions that can affect your rock, nose or throat this specialty is extremely important.

The medical specialty of otolaryngology deals with ear, nose, and throat diseases and disorders. Those include head and neck cancer, nose and sinus, ear and hearing issues, speech problems and swallowing. The otolaryngologist also conducts reconstructive and aesthetic facial operations.


Nervous system disorders including the brain, blood vessels, muscles and nerves are treated by the neurological branch of the medicine. Neurology focuses on the autonomous, central and peripheral nervous systems.

Neurology is the medical industry responsible for studying and treating nervous system disorders. The nervous system is a complex mechanism for regulating and co-ordinating the movements of the body. There are two main divisions:

Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord

Peripheral nervous system: all neuronal components including the pupils, ears, skin etc.


Nephrology is the internal medicine subspecialty that focuses on the treatment and rehabilitation of kidney diseases. Because of the many critical functions that the kidney performs, nephrologists have expertise in primal kidney disorders and also the management of systemic kidney dysfunction consequences. While early renal diseases are a major part of general internal medicine, nephrologists also need to help and treat more severe or advanced nephrological disorders.


A medical branch specializing in cancer diagnosis and treatment. This includes medical oncology (chemotherapy, hormone therapeutics, and other medications for cancer therapy), radiation oncology (radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer) and operative oncology.

Oncology is an specialty in the area of tumor malignancy. Malignant diseases are generally severe because in the short, medium or long term, they can lead to a deadly result. The cure of an early diagnosis and treatment would rely in large part on a cancer disorder.

Cancer (organic functional unit) is a cell-based disease. The injuries start with an uncontrolled spread of any cell in the body, which leads to tissue dysfunction followed by organic dysfunction.


Urology is the specialty for surgery that treats urinary tract disorders of men and women and male reproductive organs. While urology is known as an organizational specialty, the urologist is knowledgeable of a wide variety of clinical problems, such as internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties. The Urological Association has identified seven sub-specialty areas in recognition of the wide range of urology:

  • Pediatric Urology
  • Urologic Oncology (cancer)
  • Renal Transplantation
  • Male Infertility
  • Calculi (urinary tract stones)
  • Female Urology (urinary incontinence and pelvic outlet relaxation disorders)
  • Neurourology (voiding disorders, urodynamic evaluation of patients and erectile dysfunction or impotence)


The skin is the largest organ in the body and serves as a shield against infection and bacteria in the internal organs. It is also a good indicator for the body’s overall health, making it important to diagnose and manage many health conditions in the dermatology field.

Dermatology is a medical branch dealing with the skin and skin conditions. The goal is to research, examine and diagnose normal skin and skin conditions. The skin, the fat, hair, nails and dermatological and genital membranes are all aspects of cancer, the cosmetic and aging conditions.


Blood processing, blood production and blood disease types are all hematologies. Hematology is an field of medicine. The word “heme” is derived from blood in Greek.

In medicine, the treatment of blood disorder and malignancies including hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma and sickle cell anemia is covered in hematology. Hematology is an internal medicine branch that is responsible for the provision, treatment, prevention, and physiology of pathology, aesthetics, diagnosis, and blood disorder.

Emergency medicine

Emergency medicine is a specialty in medicine that equips doctors with the skills necessary for the care of patients in the most urgent need for healthcare.

Emergency medicine is the specialty devoted to diagnosing and treating unexpected diseases or injuries. The emergency medicine practice includes initial assessments, diagnosis, treatment and coordination of treatments between multiple providers, and the disposition of any patient who is seeking expeditious medical, surgical or psychiatric care. It covers a unique knowledge base as set out in its ‘Emergency Medicine Clinical Model.’

Emergency medicine requires group emergency medical care, medical monitoring and disaster response medical advice. Professionals in emergency medicine provide the emergency department and the other health-care system sectors with valuable clinical, administrative and leadership services.


Radiology is a medicine specialty that interprets body organ images to diagnose disease. Radiologists are trained doctors of diagnostic medical images, while radiologists are medical imaging practitioners who use and operate the image processing equipment. These images are interpreted and reported by radiologists to reference clinicians, ranging from doctors, pediatricians, objectors and internists who work in a healthcare team.

Radiology, also known as diagnostic photography is a series of various tests that take photos or pictures of various body parts. Some of these tests are interesting as they require physicians to see the body. A number of imaging tests, including X-ray, MRI, ultrasound, CT and PET scanning, can be used to provide this view.

Diagnostic tests include x-rays, ultrasounds, bone mineral densitometry, fluoroscopy, mammography, nuclear medicine, CT and MRI, which are being conducted by radiologists.


Clinical endocrinology is a area of medicine concerned with endocrine glands, hormone behavior and metabolic impacts.

Endocrinopathy is the term used for the endocrine system diseases. Such disorders are also referred to as hormone imbalances, however. The diagnosis and treatment of diseases in this system can be involved in endocrinology. Diagnosis often involves the assessment of a variety of symptoms and requires clinical and biochemical knowledge. Other laboratory techniques, including diagnostic visualization, are also used. The management of these illnesses often involves long-term treatment, including the treatment of the patient in its entirety and monitoring cell or molecular changes.


The rheumatology deals with joint, soft tissue, autoimmune and heritary connective tissue disorders, as well as with internal medicine and pediatrics.

A variety of conditions that may affect your muscles or joints may include rheumatoid conditions.

Many of these conditions are now known to be immune system disorders. The study and practice of medical immunology is considered rheumatology.


Hepatology has been established in the medical field of diseases which influence the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree and pancreas, and which focus on the study, preventing, diagnosing and managing it. The Greek term “hepatikos” and “logia” is used for the meaning “liver” and “studies.”

Hepatology: liver disease. Hepatology. Hepatology is a wide area and the liver is the largest organ in the body. The study covers acute, chronic hepatitis, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, genetic and metabolism disease of the liver and its complications, hepatitis cancer, liver transplantation (which is largely hepatic dependent), and liver immunology.

Forensic medicine

Forensic pathology is a department of forensic science and a medical branch.

The process of dying, cause and time of dying and post-death symptoms are discussed in forensic medicine. Practitioners from this medicine branch help the law assess the liability of medical practitioners in matters like treatment consent, therapeutic intervention, emergency treatment, legal procedures, removal and transplantation of tissue and organ, unnecessary surgery, cosmetic operation, scientific experimentation, and intercourse, maternal and paternal questions.


Language and speaking are different. An individual may have one or both problems. Here’s the difference to learn. If you have questions, please see an SLP or speech-language pathologist.

Speech-language pathology is the language (less formally known as speech therapy), pathology of speech and language. It comes under the field of communication and disorder, which also includes the closely related, but separate, audiology review.

Speech language disease focuses on a range of communication to people of all ages and swallowing disorders.

Veterinary Science

Veterinary medicinal products shall be applied to accompanying, domestic, exotic, wildlife and productive animals by medical, diagnostic and therapeutic principles.

Veterinary medicine: medical science on animal disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention. In addition to diagnosing and treating the sick and wounded animals, veterinarians avoid infection and advise owners of animal welfare. Through maintaining health of farm animals and monitoring the food processing sectors, veterinarians work for safe food supply. Veterinarians also participate in wildlife conservation.

General Surgery

General surgery is a disciplinary field requiring the knowledge and responsibility of patients with a broad range of conditions for preoperative, operational and post-operative management, including those that may require non-operative, optional or emergency surgical treatment. This knowledge can vary in scope and depth in various categories of disease. Surgery management includes expertise in the dynamic decision-making process; general doctors, including surgical surgery, should be qualified for diagnosis, care and management.


The medicine branch of clinical endocrinology deals with hormones, their actions and their metabolism.

The study of hormones is endocrinology. For our everyday life, hormones are important. They regulate our temperature, our sleep, our mood, our tension, and our development.

Hormons are present in plants and animals and are present in all species with more than one cell. It affects or regulates a wide range of physiological activities such as growth , development, puberty, alertness, controlling sugar and appetite, bones growth, etc. You can also notice that hormone problems and how they work can lead to some of the human beings’ major diseases , such as diabetes, thyroid, hypophysis, certain neurological problems, appetite, obesity, bone problems, cancer etc.

Medical Analysis

Medical tests can help to identify an illness, diagnose a diagnosis, prepare treatment, check if medication works or track the illness over time. As part of a routine examination, a doctor can order these tests to check for certain diseases and disorders, or to monitor your health.

Medical analysis is an exciting, challenging and rewarding profession and one of the fastest rising fields of healthcare. Medical analysts (MA) listen to and turn into approved documents the dictated recordings made by doctors and medical professionals. It could be anything like room notes, autopsy reports, download summaries and other documents.


Orthopedics is a medical field devoted to the treatment of the musculoskeletal system. This system consists of muscles, bones, joints, ligaments and tendons.

Orthopedics is a specialty that deals with people with skeletal diseases-disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, cords, tendons, nerves and skin-in their diagnostics, correction, prevention and therapy. The musculoskeletal structure consists of these components.


Pulmonary medicine is an inner medicine subspecialty that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung and respiratory tract conditions.

Pulmonology is a specialty of the medical profession, which focuses on breathing system disorders. Air disorders, Asthma and Emphysema, as well as infectious diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, pleurisy and pulmonary abscess or tumor syndromes such as lung cancer or pleural cancer are primary diseases of the respiratory system.


All medical fields have been covered in this article, including:

Pediatrics, Dentistry “Odotiatria”, Psychologic medicine “Mental medicine”, Physiotherapy, Ophthalmology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gastroenterology, Internal medicine, Cardiology, Ear, nose and throat (ENT) “Otorhinolaryngology”, Neurology, Nephrology, Oncology, Urology, Dermatology, Hematology, Emergency medicine, Radiology, Endocrinology, Rheumatology, Hepatology, Forensic medicine, Speech- Language, Veterinary science, General surgery, Medical analysis, Orthopedics, Pulmonology. 

This research is prepared by specialists in the medical fields and takes into care of the use of medical expressions belonging to each field, which makes us distinguished in the preparation of consistent and acceptable medical research in all disciplines.

الكلمات الدلالية

medical case study medicine medicine fields

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